It happens a lots of time with that USB device not working on my PC in windows 10. It shows a error of "USB device descriptor failed". There are lots of methods by which you can recover the issue of USB device descriptor. These methods are mentioned below:

Method 1. Check for hardware issues
Method 2. Disable the Fast Startup option
Method 3. Uninstall the USB Driver in Device Manager
Method 4. Plug out your power supply
Method 5. Adjust your USB selective suspend settings
Method 6. Run the Hardware and Device troubleshooter
Method 7. Remove USB and scan for hardware changes
I have collected these points from a blog, I am mentioning the link here: